Trauma is a common cause of severe injury and death for people of all ages, particularly those under the age of 45. Time is one of the most relevant factors for the survival or maintenance of normal function of traumatized patients, particularly the time elapsed from trauma to resuscitation/stabilization procedures. As a member of the trauma team, the trauma radiologist contributes to the rapid diagnosis of severe injuries, with appropriate imaging modalities, and in particular, multidetector computed tomography (CT). With the advent of CT, trauma radiologists are able to effectively characterized life- or function-threatening traumatic disorders within a very short time. This is essential to facilitate triage and assess the optimal individual treatment for severely injured patients, thus improving patient outcomes. (Schueller G. RadiolMed. 2015 Jul;120(7):641-54).